You are here

قراءة كتاب Mesa Verde [Colorado] National Park

تنويه: تعرض هنا نبذة من اول ١٠ صفحات فقط من الكتاب الالكتروني، لقراءة الكتاب كاملا اضغط على الزر “اشتر الآن"

‏اللغة: English
Mesa Verde [Colorado] National Park

Mesa Verde [Colorado] National Park

No votes yet
دار النشر: Project Gutenberg
الصفحة رقم: 1



Mesa Verde
National Park



United States Department of the Interior
Harold L. Ickes, Secretary


Arno B. Cammerer, Director


DOI Logo






of Historical Importance
1st century[1]
B.C. or
The earliest occupation of Cliff Palace cave was probably before, or immediately following, the beginning of the Christian era. These earliest occupants, known to scientists as Basket Makers, were the first agricultural Indians of the Southwest.
4th to
7th[1] centuries
By the beginning of the fourth century A.D., the early agriculturists were developing the art of pottery making. Later, their semisubterranean homes were spread widely over the Mesa Verde.
7th to
During the three or four centuries preceding 1000 A.D., the Pueblo Culture on Mesa Verde was developing from modest beginnings toward its classical stage, which culminated in the building of the great cliff dwelling.
1066 Earliest date established for large Mesa Verde cliff dwellings (Beam section from Mug House.)
1073-1273 Construction of Cliff Palace
1276 Beginning of 24-year drought, an important factor in forcing the cliff dwellers from the Mesa Verde.
1776 Expedition of Padre Silvestre Velez de Escalante to southwestern Colorado. Party camped on the Mancos River|| near the base of the Mesa Verde.
1859 Ascent of the north escarpment of Mesa Verde by Capt. J. N. Macomb, of the United States Army, and members of his party of geologists
1874 Discovery of the ruins in the Mancos Canyon by W. H. Jackson, United States Geological Survey. Party harrassed by Ute Indians.
1888 Discovery of Cliff Palace and other major ruins by Richard Wetherill and Charlie Mason.
1891 First organized archeological expedition to Mesa Verde, under direction of Baron G. Nordenskiöld.
1906 Mesa Verde National Park created June 29.
1907 Excavation of Spruce Tree House by Dr. J. Walter Fewkes, of Smithsonian Institution
1909 Excavation of Cliff Palace.
1911 Excavation and repair of Balcony House by Jesse L. Nusbaum.
1913 First entrance road completed. First automobile in Spruce|| Tree Camp. Extension of park boundaries to include notable ruins and archeological remains.
1914 Construction of first wagon road from Spruce Tree Camp to principal cliff dwellings.
1915 Sun Temple excavated by Dr. Fewkes.
1916 Far View House excavated by Dr. Fewkes.
1917 First Government-constructed trails to Spring House and Soda Canyon.
1918 First camp accommodations established at Spruce Tree Camp.
1919 Square Tower House excavated
1921 Establishment of superintendent's office and home at park headquarters.
1925 First unit of park museum constructed by donated funds.
1926 Excavation in Step House Cave and discovery of its occupation by Basket Maker III people more than 3 centuries in advance of cliff dweller occupation.
1928 Exclusive jurisdiction of park tendered to the United States and accepted by act of Congress April 25.
1934 Completion of deep water well (4,192 feet).
1936 Addition to park museum completed.

[1] Approximate dating. Exact dating by the methods of tree-ring chronology is yet to be accomplished.



● Briefed ●

A complete copy of the rules and regulations for governing the park may be seen at the office of the superintendent.

Automobiles.—Secure automobile permit, fee $1 per car. Speed limit 35 miles per hour on entrance highway, 20 miles per hour in headquarters area and on ruin roads. Drive carefully; free wheeling is prohibited within the park.

Fires.—Confine fires to designated places. Extinguish completely before leaving camp, even for temporary absences. Do not guess your fire is out—KNOW IT.

Firewood.—Use only the wood that is stacked and marked "firewood" near your campsite. By all means do not use your ax on any standing tree or strip bark from the junipers.

Grounds.—Burn all combustible rubbish before leaving your camp. Do not throw papers, cans, or other refuse on the ground or over the canyon rim. Use the incinerators which are placed for this purpose.

Hiking.—Do not venture away from the headquarters area unless accompanied by a guide or after first having secured permission from a duly authorized park officer.

Hunting.—Hunting is prohibited within the park. This area is a sanctuary for all wildlife.

Noise.—Be quiet in camp after others have gone to bed. Many people come here for rest.

Park Rangers.—The rangers are here to help and advise you as well as to enforce regulations. When in doubt, ask a ranger.

Ruins and Structures.—Do not mark, disturb, or injure in any way the ruins or any of the buildings,