قراءة كتاب Esperanto Self-Taught with Phonetic Pronunciation

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Esperanto Self-Taught with Phonetic Pronunciation

Esperanto Self-Taught with Phonetic Pronunciation

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دار النشر: Project Gutenberg
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  • Meals 102 to 105
  • Money Changing 126
  • Motoring 115
  • Photography 117
  • Post and Telegraph 121
  • Religion 118
  • Shopping 108
  • Telegraph (Post and) 121
  • Time of Day, The 118
  • Times, Seasons, and Weather 119
  • Town, In 106
  • Travelling:—
    • Arrival 99
    • Bus and Tram 100
    • Changing Money 126
    • Hotel and Rooms 100
    • Public Notices 94
    • Railway, By 95
    • Steamer, By 97
  • Useful and Necessary Expressions 89
  • Money.—Equivalent Values 127
  • Weights and Measures; Postage 128
  • THE ESPERANTO ALPHABET
    (WITH PHONETIC PRONUNCIATION).

    The Esperanto Alphabet has 28 letters—23 consonants, 5 vowels:—


    Characters. Name and English Pronunciation. Phonetics used.
    A, a (ah) like a in father or pa; as patro (pah'troh). In unaccented syllables it should not be dwelt upon, and in all cases it should be pronounced quite purely, without the slight drawling r-sound which is sometimes added to the corresponding vowel in English ah
    B, b (bo) as in English b
    C, c (tsoh) like ts in gets, hits, and never as in English; as caro (tsah'roh) ts
    Ĉ, ĉ (cho) like ch in church; as ĉasi (chah'see) ch
    D, d (do) as in English, but with tip of tongue placed on back of teeth instead of on front ridge of roof of mouth d
    E, e (eh) like e in bend pronounced broadly, or a in hate shortly pronounced, but quite pure, entirely without the slight drawling ee-sound often heard after the English vowel; as beno (beh'noh) e, eh
    F, f (fo) as in English f
    G, g (go) like g in go, give, as gasto (gah'stoh), and never like g in gem, allege g
    Ĝ, ĝ (jo) like g in gem, general, and j in jovial; as ĝeni (jeh'nee) j
    H, h (ho) as in English h
    Ĥ, ĥ (ĥo) like ch in Scotch loch, ch in German hoch, j in Spanish mujer. This guttural sound is practically a very strongly aspirated h, and may be made by trying to pronounce "ho" with the throat arranged as for saying k:—ĥoro (khoro), ĥino (khino) kh
    I, i

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